Autism now affects one in 50 school-aged children. More children are diagnosed with autism than with AIDS, diabetes and cancer combined.
People who are diagnosed on the autism spectrum have complex brain development disorders that are identified by varying degrees of difficulties with social interaction, communication and repetitive behaviors.
Sensory Integration Disorders
Sensory integration disorder or dysfunction is a neurological disorder that results from the brain's inability to join together certain information received from the body's five basic sensory systems. These sensory systems are responsibile for detecting sights, sounds, smell, tastes, temperatures, pain, and the position and movements of the body.
Research indicates that up to 70% of children who are considered learning disabled by schools have sensory integrative disorders.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common of the psychiatric disorders that appear in childhood. Occurrence is somewhere between 3-5 % of children, with boys outnumbering girls. The number of children and adolescents affected by ADHD in the United States probably ranges from 1.4 to 2.2 million.
ADHD is generally characterized by inattention, distractibility, impulsivity, and hyperactivity that occur before age seven, continue for at least six months, and are not primarily due to other psychiatric disorders or environmental circumstances, such as reactions to family stresses, etc.
More than half of children with attention deficit disorder also have accompanying disorders, including anxiety, depression, and conduct disorders. Speech and learning disorders are also common in children with ADHD.